The domain names example.com, example.net, example.org, and example.edu are second-level domain names in the Domain Name System of the Internet.

They are reserved by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) at the direction of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) as special-use domain names for documentation purposes.

The domain names are used widely in books, tutorials, sample network configurations, and generally as examples for the use of domain names. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) operates web sites for these domains with content that reflects their purpose.

See also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Example.com